History Of Breitling Watch Glory: Independently Developed Movement Automatic Winding Chronograph Time
In the watch industry, any manufacturer with its own movement will be proud. As we all know, the independent research and development and manufacture of a mechanical movement has a huge investment, a difficult and long process. It is even more difficult to independently develop a high-performance self-winding chronograph movement: the connection of power reserve, size, timing and timekeeping system all troubles watchmaking experts. Because of this, the self-winding chronograph movement is known as a precision watchmaking process comparable to the tourbillon, three-question, and perpetual calendar.
先 Pioneer of chronograph
In 1884, when Lyon Breitling founded the brand, it planted the seeds of the spirit of timepieces for Breitling. He was determined to focus on the field of timekeeping, and to manufacture precise and reliable timepieces for professionals in the sports, industrial production, scientific research and other fields Timer.
In the beginning, Breitling selected a group of outstanding suppliers and purchased basic movements and components with good craftsmanship and robustness. However, Lyon Breitling was not satisfied with merely assembling the basic movement components. He and experienced watchmakers continued to improve the basic movement.
In the hands of Breitling watchmakers, landmark models in the history of horology were born: in 1915, Breitling introduced the first chronograph watch and the first independent chronograph button watch; in 1923, Breitling invented the world’s first chronograph The independent chronograph button watch separated from the zero reset function, this major technical innovation made it possible to continuously perform segmented chronograph; in 1934, Breitling launched the world’s first dual independent chronograph button watch, which further separated the zero reset function and established the modern The classic look of a chronograph.
的 Development of Breitling Chronograph
The development of an automatic winding chronograph movement was an ‘impossible task’ for the watch industry. The power reserve, the size, the travel time and the timing system are all in front of the watchmaking experts. As the third generation of the ‘pioneer of chronograph watches’, Willy Breitling knows the great value in it. He constantly strives to lead the chronograph into a new era of automatic winding.
In 1966, under the leadership of Willie Breitling, Breitling and three other companies (watch parts supplier Dépraz & Cie, movement manufacturer Büren, watch manufacturer Heuer-Leonidas) began to jointly develop automatic winding chronograph movement. This is an unprecedented model of cooperation in the watch industry: the two major competing brands, a manufacturer of watch complications and a movement manufacturer work together to realize the dream of precision timekeeping.
Caliber 11 automatic chronograph movement
Two years later, Caliber 11, an epoch-making movement. It abandoned the mainstream structure of the self-winding watch-the winding system of the central automatic disc was placed on the movement, and adopted a unique solution: a miniature eccentric automatic disc (also known as a ‘planetary rotor’) was incorporated into the movement In. Another innovation is its modular structure, which brings great convenience to manufacturing and maintenance.
In 1969, Breitling launched the world’s first Chrono-Matic watch with a self-winding chronograph Caliber 11 watch. From this moment, the regret that the chronograph cannot be wound automatically becomes history.
Breitling 01 movement interprets the spirit of timing
In 1999, after 100% of Breitling’s product movements passed the certification of the Swiss Official Observatory (COSC), Breitling’s ambition to independently develop the movement became more and more firm.
The legendary story of Breitling 01 movement started in 2004. The company set up a ‘special force’ composed of top watch designers and construction experts. They did not intend to make only some improvements on the original core, but to take a unique approach. The development of a new movement whose quality and performance must exceed those of all Breitling watches. They repeatedly discussed and summarized experience with front-line production personnel and after-sales personnel, designed the movement structure, formulated specifications and carefully polished the first prototype parts.
春天 In the spring of 2006, Breitling finally produced the first batch of 100% self-made movements. However, this is only halfway through the ‘Long March’. This movement carries the brand’s independence, credibility and future. To ensure that it meets the brand’s stringent standards, Breitling has carried out numerous ‘non-ordinary harshness’ on these movements. ‘(Accuracy, robustness, resistance to temperature differences and resistance to magnetic field changes, ease of use, etc.), and continuous optimization and improvement of many details to ensure that it meets the brand’s stringent standards. At the end of 2006, Breitling submitted a movement sample to the Swiss Official Astronomical Observatory (COSC) for testing. The result was no suspense. The movement successfully passed the ultimate test of accuracy and reliability of the observatory and was highly evaluated.
年初 In early 2007, the tried and tested Breitling 01 movement was finally born. This is a self-winding chronograph movement-a perfect combination of technical features, showing excellent performance:
Consists of 47 jewel bearings with a total of 346 parts;
Diameter 30 mm, thickness is only 7.2 mm;
Vibration frequency is up to 28,800 times per hour;
Using ‘Guide Wheel’ system: This is a traditional feature of advanced mechanical chronograph movement. For a long time, it has been very difficult to produce this part. Breitling has perfected the production process and processed it to the smallest working error to ensure extremely high accuracy and reliability;
采用 The ‘longitudinal clutch’ system is used between the travel time and the timing device: to ensure that the timing function is completely ‘cleanly’ without causing the hands to jump;
强大 Strong power reserve of more than 70 hours: the stronger the power reserve capacity, the lower the energy drop of the spring in the first 24 hours, ensuring more regular movement of the movement, thereby improving the accuracy of travel time;
Has a two-way automatic winding system: the automatic winding disc is mounted on a ball bearing and rotates in a unique ‘hub’ shape, optimizing the power reserve capacity;
No restricted zone speed adjustment calendar function: the date can be adjusted at any time without damaging the movement;
‘Intelligent’ structure: The structure has modular characteristics. You only need to remove a few screws without disassembling the timing device, and you can adjust the barrel. This makes the assembly and maintenance process extremely convenient; more importantly, this is a The open platform offers the possibility to add new features;
Breitling 04 movement
At the Baselworld Watch & Jewellery Show 2011, Breitling made another big attack and launched another 100% self-developed self-winding chronograph movement-Breitling 04 movement. It is one of the very few chronographs that can provide convenient dual time zone display core. The best footnote for Breitling’s exploration of the spirit of innovation, excellence and independence for more than a century.